Obesity-Related Medical Issues

Understanding Obesity

The Medical Problems Behind Obesity

Obesity is a significant health concern that can lead to various medical problems. People who are overweight or obese are at an increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions compared to those with a healthy weight, including heart disease, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, diabetes, and even death.

The following are some of the most common obesity-related medical problems, according to the CDC and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Disease:

Health Risks

  • Type 2 Diabetes: A disease that occurs when blood glucose is too high. Nearly 9 in 10 people with type 2 diabetes have overweight or obesity
  • High Blood Pressure: Also known as hypertension, it is a common condition that can lead to serious health problems, including heart attacks and strokes
  • Heart Disease: Obesity is a major risk factor for heart disease, which can lead to chest pain, heart attacks, and heart failure
  • Stroke: An event that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients
  • Certain Cancers: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of many types of cancer, including breast, colon, and kidney cancer
  • Breathing Problems: Excess weight can lead to breathing problems, such as sleep apnea and asthma
  • Osteoarthritis: A joint disease that mostly affects cartilage, the tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint
  • Gallbladder Disease: Obesity is a major risk factor for gallstones and gallbladder disease
  • Mental Health Problems: Clinical depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders are more common in people with obesity

It is important to note that obesity is a common, serious, and costly chronic disease in adults and children. For this reason, it is essential to address and manage weight issues to reduce the risk of developing these medical problems.

For more information about weight loss at the Bariatric Care Center at Ellis Medicine, please call 518.243.1313